Reports highlight for regulated entities where to focus HIPAA compliance efforts
To help regulated entities better comply with the requirements of the HIPAA Privacy, Security, and Breach Notification Rules, the HHS Office for Civil Rights (OCR) (@HHSOCR) is sharing two Reports to Congress for 2021, on HIPAA Privacy, Security, and Breach Notification Rule Compliance and Breaches of Unsecured Protected Health Information. These reports, delivered to Congress recently, may benefit regulated entities to assist in their HIPAA compliance efforts. The reports also share steps taken by OCR to investigate complaints, breach reports, and compliance reviews regarding potential violations of the HIPAA Rules. The reports include important data on the numbers of HIPAA cases investigated, areas of noncompliance, and insights into trends such as cybersecurity readiness.
“The health care industry is one of the most diverse industries in our economy, and OCR is responsible for enforcing the HIPAA Rules to support greater privacy and security of individuals’ protected health information,” said OCR Director Melanie Fontes Rainer. “We will continue to provide guidance and technical assistance on compliance with the HIPAA Rules, as well as a vigorous enforcement program to address potential HIPAA violations.”
The 2021 Report to Congress on HIPAA Privacy, Security, and Breach Notification Rule Compliance identifies the number of complaints received, the method by which those complaints were resolved, the number of compliance reviews initiated by OCR, and the outcome of each review.
The Annual Report to Congress on Breaches of Unsecured Protected Health Information identifies the number and nature of breaches of unsecured protected health information (PHI) that were reported to the Secretary of HHS during calendar year 2021 and the actions taken in response to those breaches. It also highlights the continued need for regulated entities to improve compliance with the HIPAA Security Rule requirements, including:
- risk analysis and risk management;
- information system activity review;
- audit controls; and
- access controls.
These compliance concerns were identified as areas needing improvement in 2021 OCR breach investigations. As it was the previous three years, hacking/IT incidents remain the largest category of breaches occurring in 2021 affecting 500 or more individuals, and affected the most individuals, comprising 75% of the reported breaches. Network servers is the largest category by location for breaches involving 500 or more individuals.
View OCR’s 2021 Report to Congress on HIPAA Privacy, Security, and Breach Notification Rule Compliance.
View OCR’s 2021 Report to Congress on Breaches of Unsecured Protected Health Information.
OCR is committed to enforcing the HIPAA Rules and supporting the privacy and security of peoples’ health information. If you believe that your or another person’s health information privacy or civil rights have been violated, you can file a complaint with OCR.